Monographie

En ligne (disponible) - Monographie
The impact of new drug launhes on longevity : evidence from longitudinal, disease-level data from 52 countries, 1982-2001 / LICHTENBERG, Frank R..
Cambridge : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2003, 37 p.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W9754 (2003-06-11)
Collection : Working Paper ; 9754
Format de fichier : Adobe Acrobat PDF
Droits d'auteur : La reproduction de ce document à des fins non commerciales est autorisée à condition que la source soit dûment mentionnée.

Mots-clés principaux
:
Longévité
Espérance de vie
Médicament
Aspect économique
Pays développé
Pays en voie de développement
Perspective internationale
Étude longitudinale


Résumé :

This working paper shows the results of an econometric analysis of the effect of new drug launches on longevity, using data from the IMS Health Drug Launches database and the WHO Mortality Database and made by the National Bureau of Economic Research. Their data cover virtually all of the diseases borne by people in 52 countries during the period 1982-2001, and enable them to control, to an unusually great extent, for the effects of other potential determinants of longevity, e.g. education, income, nutrition, the environment, and lifestyle'. They find that launches of new chemical entities (NCEs) have a strong positive impact on the probability of survival. Launches of (older) drugs that are not NCEs do not increase longevity. NCE launches account for a significant fraction of the long-run increase in longevity in the sample as a whole. Between 1986 and 2000, average life expectancy of the entire population of sample countries increased by almost two years. Their estimates imply that NCE launches accounted for 0.8 years (40%) of the 1986-2000 increase in longevity. The average annual increase in life expectancy of the entire population resulting from NCE launches is .056 years, or 2.93 weeks.

Illustrations : graph.
Langue : Anglais
Type d'ouvrage AQESSS : DT
Doc n° : 15069
NumRec : 1506903
ImpactDrugOnLongevity2003.PDF
ImpactDrugOnLongevity2003.PDF
 

       

  Copier Permanent URL de cette page Ajouter cette page

     

disponible
Réserver
Pour réserver ce document, vous devez d'abord vous connecter


Aller vers :   IUGM    Fondation IUGM   Centre de recherche IUGM