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Social transfers and income inequality in old-age : A multi-national perspective / BROWN, Robert L. ; PRUS, Steven G..
Hamilton : McMaster University, Program for Research on Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population, 2003, 18 p.

http://socserv.socsci.mcmaster.ca/sedap/p/sedap109.pdf (14-11-2003)
Collection : SEDAP Research Paper ; 109
Format de fichier : Adobe Acrobat PDF
Droits d'auteur : Cette oeuvre est protégée par un droit d'auteur. Elle ne peut être reproduite qu'à des fins d'études privées ou de recherche et seulement si la source est mentionnée.

Mots-clés principaux
:
Canada
Luxembourg
Suède
Australie
Danemark
Allemagne
Israël
Pays-Bas
Norvège
Royaume-Uni
États-Unis
Aide sociale
Revenu de retraite
Allocation de soins aux personnes âgées
Système sociosanitaire


Résumé :

This paper examines variation in old-age income inequality between industrialized nations with modern welfare systems. The analysis of income inequality across countries with different retirement income systems provides a perspective on public pension policy choices and designs and their distributional implications. Because of the progressive nature of public pension programs, we hypothesize that there is an inverse relationship between the quality of public pension benefits and old-age income inequality -- that is, countries with comprehensive, universal, and generous public pension systems will exhibit more equal distributions of income in old age.
Luxembourg Income Study data indeed show that cross-national variation in old-age income inequality is partly explained by differences in the percentage of seniors' total income derived from public pension transfers. Sweden, for example, has the highest the level of government transfers and the lowest level of old-age income inequality, while Israel and the U.S. have the lowest levels of dependency on government transfers and the highest levels of income inequality. A notable exception is Canada where public transfers represent only a moderate portion of elderly income, yet old-age income inequality is relatively low. This suggests that other factors besides quality of public pension benefits play a role in differences in old-age income inequality across countries.


Langue : Anglais
Doc n° : 16406
NumRec : 1640603
sedap109.PDF
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