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Economic analysis of scientific research publishing : a report commissioned by the Wellcome Trust / SQW.
London, UK : Wellcome Trust, 2003 (Rev. ed.), , 32 p.

http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/assets/wtd003182.pdf (19-05-2006)
Format de fichier : Adobe Acrobat PDF
Droits d'auteur : La reproduction de ce document à des fins non commerciales est autorisée à condition que la source soit dûment mentionnée.

Mots-clés principaux
:
Édition
Publication
Recherche
Périodique
Libre accès
Publication scientifique

Mots-clés secondaires : Aspect économique ; Édition électronique

Résumé :

Executive summary
Implications of current practice for the research community
1. The current market structure does not operate in the long-term interests of the research community.
2. Commercial publishers are dominant though many top journals are published by not-for-profit organizations.
3. The 'public good' element of scientific work means market solutions are inefficient.
4. Electronic publishing is not currently challenging the dominance of commercial publishers.

Why are commercial publishers dominant?Demand
5. Demand is price-inelastic because:
* price is unimportant at point of use for the research community;
* journals are not easily substitutable for each other.
6. Libraries operate in the commercial market and purchase up to their budget limits.
7. Other sources of demand, such as private companies and health services, are uncoordinated.

Why are commercial publishers dominant?Supply
8. Authors face a limited number of journals, through which their work is 'purchased'. The primary concerns of authors are the reputation and reach of the journal. In general, authors are not concerned with price and cost characteristics. There is also a limited amount of substitutability between journals for authors when offering their work for publication.
9. Journals are published by not-for-profit publishers and commercial publishers ­ institutions with different objectives and modes of working.
10. All publishers, including commercial publishers, provide authors and editorial boards with the services and outputs they need.

Why are commercial publishers dominant? Market behaviour
11. The market can be characterized as having two interlinked parts: an academic market and a commercial market. They operate according to different rules and priorities. The academic market operates with little recognition of the existence of the commercial market. The commercial market attempts to manage the academic market.
12. Commercial publishers are currently more active than other institutions in operating in both markets. They attempt to control supply in the commercial market through mergers/takeovers and to manage demand through price and service to libraries. The commercial publishers have set up price-service packages wich enhance their position and undermine the position of the not-for-profit sector. A major example of this ­ the 'big deal' ­ in effect requires libraries to take more journals than they might otherwise choose from the commercial publishers. The limits on the libraries' abilities to change the package in the 'big deal' result in cuts in subscriptions to journals from other publishers whenever the libraries face financial constraints. A further implication of these arrangements is that citations to the commercial publishers' journals are likely to increase, at the expense of the not-for-profit sector, thus increasing the apparent value of those journals.
13. The commercial publishers offer good service and speed to the academic market and many academics arecurrently largely unaware and unconcerned about the state of scientific publishing.

Illustrations : graph.
Langue : Anglais
Type d'ouvrage AQESSS : R
Doc n° : 17297 ISBN / ISSN : 1841290475
NumRec : 1729703
SciResPublishing3_7448.PDF
SciResPublishing3_7448.PDF
 

       

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