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The percent of deaths by risk factors that affect health, by sex, in developing and developed countries, 2002 / Canadian institute for health information ; Statistics Canada. In Health Care in Canada 2003.
Ottawa : CIHI, 2003, p. 10.

http://secure.cihi.ca/cihiweb/products/hcic2003_e.pdf (2023-06-2004)
Éditeur(s) des données : World Health Organization (2002)
Format de fichier : Image JPEG
Taille du fichier : 151 Ko Type de graphique : Graphique à barres empilées
Droits d'auteur : La reproduction de ce document à des fins non commerciales est autorisée à condition que la source soit dûment mentionnée.

Mots-clés principaux
:
Statistiques démographiques
Statistiques
Cause de décès
Facteur de risque
Poids corporel
Hypertension artérielle
Cholestérol alimentaire
Obésité
Sexualité
Tabagisme
Homme
Femme
Pays développé
Pays en voie de développement
Mortalité


Résumé :

Source : World Health Organization. (2002). The World Health Report
2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life. Switzerland: WHO

Cited from : Canadian Institute for Health Information. Health Care in Canada 2003 [Online]. Ottawa : CIHI ; Statistics Canada, 2003, p. 10. http://secure.cihi.ca/cihiweb/products/hcic2003_e.pdf (Retrieved June 23, 2004).
How we live affects how long we live. In their latest report, the World Health Organization focused on 20 risk factors that affect health. They considered these risk factors in relation to their impact on life expectancy and found that the risk factors are distributed unevenly across rich and poor countries. The percent of deaths attributable to seven of the top 10 risk factors for males and females in developing and developed countries is shown below.

While most Canadians can expect to have a long life (79 years in 2000), according to the WHO's newest report, all countries in the world could add many more years to their life expectancy if they were to reduce the effects of the 20 leading risk factors affecting health. The top 10 worldwide are: underweight, unsafe sex, high blood pressure, tobacco consumption, alcohol consumption, unsafe water, sanitation, and hygiene, indoor smoke from solid fuels, iron deficiency, obesity, high cholesterol.

According to WHO, these 10 risk factors account for more than one-third of all deaths worldwide. But, these risk factors aren't distributed evenly. While deaths in developed countries are more likely to be attributable to factors like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, and tobacco use, deaths in developing countries with high mortality are more often related to factors such as underweight, unsafe water and sanitation, and unsafe sex.

Overall, if Canadians were to eliminate these and other risk factors, WHO estimates that we might add
as much as about six years to our life expectancy. That's more than some countries (such as Australia at four years) but less than many developing countries. It has been estimated that an equivalent increase in life expectancy would require the elimination of all deaths from the two leading causes of death, cardiovascular disease and cancer.

Langue : Anglais
Doc n° : 17354
NumRec : 1735403
Contenu dans
    Monographie : Health Care in Canada 2003 / Canadian institute for health information ; Statistics Canada. -Ottawa : CIHI, 2003. - 126 p.
    ISBN 1-55392-212-3

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