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A social model for health promotion for an aging population : initial evidence on the Experience Corps model / FRIED, Linda P..
Journal of urban health, 2004, vol. 81 (1 (March)), p. 64-78. (20-04-2004)
Droits d'auteur : Cette oeuvre est protégée par un droit d'auteur. Elle ne peut être reproduite qu'à des fins d'études privées ou de recherche et seulement si la source est mentionnée.

Mots-clés principaux
Vieillissement réussi
Relations intergénérationnelles
Promotion de la santé
Participation sociale
Étude clinique randomisée

Résumé :

This study tested the hypothesis that intensive volunteer work can sustain or improve the physical and mental health of seniors. As part of a national initiative called the Experience Corps, a Baltimore program trained 70 seniors, mostly African American women, to help teachers in elementary school classrooms and assist school librarians. Each volunteer worked for at least 15 hours a week for four to eight months during 1999-2000. At the end of the school year, 63 percent reported that they were now more active, and 44 percent felt stronger. By comparison, just 43 percent of seniors in a control group were more active and 18 percent felt stronger. The volunteers also said they had more people they could turn to for help, while the control group said they had fewer, and the volunteers were spending less time passively watching television, while their counterparts spent more. The authors suggest that the Experience Corps has the potential to increase participants' physical, mental and social activity, all of which are linked to better health in later life. They caution, however, that this was a short-term pilot study.

Doc n° : 17016
NumRec : 1701603


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