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Clinical and demographic characteristics of elderly patients with dementia assisted at an outpatient clinic in Southern Brazil / GODINHO, Claudia ; GORCZEVSKI, Iulek ; HEISLER, Andréa ; OTILIA CERVEIRA, Maria ; LORENA FAGUNDES CHAVES, Marcia.
Dementia & neuropsychologia, 2010, vol. 4 (1), p.42-46.

http://www.demneuropsy.com.br/imageBank/PDF/v4n1a07.pdf... (03-08-2010)
Droits d'auteur : Cette oeuvre est protégée par un droit d'auteur. Elle ne peut être reproduite qu'à des fins d'études privées ou de recherche et seulement si la source est mentionnée.

Lieux géographiques
: Brésil

Mots-clés principaux
:
Clinique externe
Démence
Maladie d'Alzheimer
Démence vasculaire
Vieillissement démographique
Brésil


Résumé :

The aging of the population is a worldwide phenomenon, where 60% of elders live in developing areas of the world such as Brazil, regions in which few studies have been carried out. Objectives: The goal of this study was to evaluate the clinical and demographic profile of patients with dementing disorders seen at a specialized outpatient clinic in South Brazil. Methods: A sample of 105 demented patients seen at the Dementia Outpatient Clinic from Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Brazil between June 2004 and June 2008. Evaluation of patients consisted of medical history, cognitive testing, assessment of functional status (Activities of Daily Living Scale - ADL; Instrumental Activities Daily Living - IADL) and application of the Neuropsychiatry Inventory (NPI) for behavioral symptoms. Severity of dementia was evaluated based on the CDR scale. All patients underwent laboratory screening tests and brain imaging exams to define etiology of dementia. Results: Of the whole sample, 71% were female. Age was 79±8 years (mean±SD). Educational level was 4±3 years (mean±SD). Sixty-four patients (60%) presented the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. Of the whole sample, 26.7% were classified as CDR=1, 44% as CDR=2 and 29. 3% as CDR=3. A significant difference on the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and functional status scores was observed among the CDR categories (severity). No significant association was found between severity and impairment on memory tests and behavioral symptoms. Conclusions: Alzheimer's disease was the most common etiology, followed by vascular dementia. At diagnosis, most patients presented mild to moderate severity of dementia, independent of cause.

Illustrations : tableaux
Langue : Anglais
Doc n° : 27124
NumRec : 5529103
 

       

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