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Wellbeing and dependency among European elderly : the role of social integration / METTE, Corinne.
Brussels : European Network of Economic Policy Research Institutes, 2005, 15 p.

http://www.enepri.org/Publications/RR12.pdf (04-07-2006)
Collection : ENEPRI Research Report ; 12
Format de fichier : Adobe Acrobat PDF
Droits d'auteur : Cette oeuvre est protégée par un droit d'auteur. Elle ne peut être reproduite qu'à des fins d'études privées ou de recherche et seulement si la source est mentionnée.

Mots-clés principaux
:
Danemark
France
Finlande
Belgique
Italie
Grèce
Autriche
Portugal
Espagne
Europe
Irlande
Intégration sociale
Perte d'autonomie
Bien-être
Qualité de vie


Résumé :

This study aims at highlighting the importance of social integration for the wellbeing of dependent elderly persons living at home. This question is pertinent because, as we can observe, social activities are not a priority for social policies regarding the dependent elderly in Europe. Here it is shown that social activities and contacts improve their wellbeing. Therefore, as depression is one of the factors leading to dependency, an emphasis on measures that encourage more social integration of the dependent elderly should stimulate a decrease in their rates of depression, and consequently, allow a reduction in their demand for care. The data used in this study stem from the European Community Household Panel. The major results of this analysis are: health perception is strongly and positively correlated with satisfaction with one's main activity. The importance of the correlation decreases somewhat, however, when social integration variables are included in the model. Except for 'owning a telephone', these latter variables have equally significant effects on satisfaction with the main activity. Dependent elderly persons who are members of a club, those who often meet their friends and relatives and those who often talk with their neighbours declare a higher satisfaction level than the rest. Satisfaction is largely correlated with the country of residence. Dependent elderly persons from southern countries and from Ireland are less satisfied with their main activity than those from northern or Central Europe. In terms of housing, having a comfortable dwelling leads to higher satisfaction while living in a household consisting of several persons leads to less satisfaction. The standard of living is also linked with satisfaction: both household and personal income have a positive effect. Lastly, dependency-related social benefits have no effect on satisfaction with the main activity.

Langue : Anglais
Doc n° : 19305 ISBN / ISSN : 9290795808
NumRec : 1930503
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