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Exercise programs for older adults : a systematic review and meta-analysis : evidence report and evidence-based recommendations / SHEKELLE, Paul G. ; et al.
Santa Monica, CA : RAND, 2003, ii, 130 p.

http://www.rand.org/pubs/reprints/2007/RAND_RP1257.pdf (28-05-2007)
Collection : Rand Reprint ; RP 1257
File format : Adobe Acrobat PDF
Copyright : Cette oeuvre est protégée par un droit d'auteur. Elle ne peut être reproduite qu'à des fins d'études privées ou de recherche et seulement si la source est mentionnée.

Descriptors
:
Physical activity
Health maintenance
Prevention
Falls
Systematic review
Reviews of literature
Meta-analysis
Controlled clinical studies


Résumé :

Ce document du groupe Rand présente les résultats d'une revue systématique et d'une méta-analyse d'essais cliniques contrôlés sur les effets de l'exercice sur la santé et le bien-être des personnes âgées. Les études incluses dans l'analyse devaient rendre compte des bienfaits des programmes d'exercice pour la force, la santé cardiovasculaire, les fonctions physiques ou la dépression.

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services requested an evidence-based systematic review of physical activity interventions to better assess the potential benefits of physical activity as it relates to older adults. The autors conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials of the effects of exercise on health and related outcomes for seniors. To be included, studies had to report outcomes on strength, cardiovascular fitness, physical function, or depression. (Other outcomes were not reported sufficiently often to justify meta-analysis.) The strongest evidence supporting a beneficial effect of exercise in older adults was in fall reduction. There were sufficient data to conclude that exercise can modestly to moderately improve strength and cardiovascular performance among previously sedentary older people. The benefits in endurance were equivalent in a change in maximal exertion from pitching softball to playing singles tennis. There was also trend supporting modest benefits of exercise on function and depression.

Illustrations : graph.
Language : Anglais
Doc n° : 22660
NumRec : 2266003
 

       

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