Monographie

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Handbook of the neuroscience of language / STEMMER, Brigitte ; WHITAKER, Harry A..
Amsterdam : Elsevier Academic Press, 2008, xxv, 463 p.


Lieux géographiques
: Pays-Bas

Mots-clés principaux
:
Neurolinguistique
Langage
Trouble de la parole et du langage

Mots-clés secondaires : Alexie ; Aphasie ; autisme ; bégaiement ; Bilingue ; Démence ; Dyslexie ; Électrodiagnostic ; Épilepsie ; État de la recherche ; Évaluation ; Imagerie cérébrale ; Imagerie isotopique ; IRM fonctionnelle ; Lobe frontal ; Pharmacothérapie ; Schizophrénie ; Test ; Thérapeutique assistée par l'ordinateur ; Traitement (Thérapeutique) ; Vieillissement

Résumé :

In the last ten years the neuroscience of language has matured as a field. Ten years ago, neuroimaging was just being explored for neurolinguistic questions, whereas today it constitutes a routine component. At the same time there have been significant developments in linguistic and psychological theory that speak to the neuroscience of language. This book consolidates those advances into a single reference. The Handbook of the Neuroscience of Language provides a comprehensive overview of this field. Divided into five sections, section one discusses methods and techniques including clinical assessment approaches, methods of mapping the human brain, and a theoretical framework for interpreting the multiple levels of neural organization that contribute to language comprehension. Section two discusses the impact imaging techniques (PET, fMRI, ERPs, electrical stimulation of language cortex, TMS) have made to language research. Section three discusses experimental approaches to the field, including disorders at different language levels in reading as well as writing and number processing. Additionally, chapters here present computational models, discuss the role of mirror systems for language, and cover brain lateralization with respect to language. Part four focuses on language in special populations, in various disease processes, and in developmental disorders. The book ends with a listing of resources in the neuroscience of language and a glossary of items and concepts to help the novice become acquainted with the field. Editors Stemmer & Whitaker prepared this book to reflect recent developments in neurolinguistics, moving the book squarely into the cognitive neuroscience of language and capturing the developments in the field over the past 7 years.

Audience
Researchers and clinicians in neuropsychology, neuro- and psycholinguistics. Libraries and hospitals.

Contents
PART I ­ Methods and Techniques 1. Classical and Contemporary Assessment of Aphasia and Acquired Disorders of Language 2. The Hypothesis Testing Approach to the Assessment of Language 3. The Intracarotid Amobarbital Test (Wada Test) and Complementary Procedures to Evaluate Language Before Epilepsy Surgery 4. Architectonic Language Research 5. Microgenesis of Language: Vertical Integration of Linguistic Mechanisms Across the Neuroaxis 6. A Brief Introduction to Common Neuroimaging Techniques PART II ­ Neuroimaging of Language 7. PET Research of Language 8. Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) Research of Language 9. Event-Related Potentials in the Study of Language 10. Direct Electrical Stimulation of Language Cortex 11. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) as a Tool for Studying Language PART III ­ Experimental Neuroscience of Language and Communication 12. Disorders of Phonetics and Phonology 13. Impaired Morphological Processing 14. Disorders of Lexis 15. Disorders of Syntax 16. The Neural Bases of Text and Discourse Processing 17. Neuropragmatics: Disorders and Neural Systems 18. The Role of Memory Systems in Disorders of Language 19. The Relation of Human Language to Human Emotion 20. Acquired Reading and Writing Disorders 21. Number Processing 22. Neurolinguistic Computational Models 23. Mirror Neurons and Language 24. Lateralization of Language Across the Life Span 25. Interhemispheric Interaction in the Lateralized Brain PART IV ­ Clinical Neuroscience of Language A. Language in Special Populations and in Various Disease Processes 26. Acute Aphasias 27. Language in Dementia 28. Frontal Lobes and Language 29. The Torque Defines the Four Quadrants of the Human Language Circuit and the Nuclear Symptoms of Schizophrenia Identify Their Component Functions 30. Stuttering and Dysfluency 31. Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: A Model for Understanding the Relationship Between Language and Memory 32. Subcortical Language Mechanisms 33. Language and Communication Disorders in Multilinguals 34. Language and Communication in Aging B. Language and Communication in Developmental Disorders 35. Acquired Epileptiform Aphasia or Landau-Kleffner Syndrome: Clinical and Linguistic Aspects 36. Language and Communication in Williams Syndrome 37. Language and Communication Disorders in Autism and Asperger Syndrome C. Recovery from, Treatment and Rehabilitation of Language and Communication Disorders 38. Spontaneous Recovery of Aphasia 39. Therapeutic Approaches in Aphasia Rehabilitation 40. The Pharmacological Treatment of Aphasia 41. Recovery and Treatment of Acquired Reading and Spelling Disorders 42. The Role of Electronic Devices in the Rehabilitation of Language Disorders PART V ­ Resources 43. Resources in the Neuroscience of Language: A Listing


Illustrations : ill.
Langue : Anglais
Doc n° : 25100 ISBN / ISSN : 9780080453521
NumRec : 2510003
 

       

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